Beginning this school year that begins tomorrow, the sale of junk food will be under new restrictions within the more than 220,000 basic education campuses across the country, highlighting the reduction in calories, salt and total fat.
The general guidelines for the sale of food and beverages in schools state that for the start of the school year 2012-2013 should apply the third step that imposes more restrictions to products sold within the campuses.
This is forbidden the sale of cookies, candy, candy, pastries, dairy products and snacks in excess of 130 calories per bag or package, as well as exceeding 35 percent of total fat.
Although the guidelines took effect on January 1, 2011, the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) and Health (SSA) determined that the restrictions on high-calorie products would be implemented in three stages, ie, three cycles school to do it gradually so that manufacturers were adapting their products for sale within schools.
Thus, in the school year that starts on Monday August 20th begins the implementation of the third and final stage of these guidelines that govern the sale of junk food to children in preschool, primary and secondary.
On August 23, 2010, the Federal Official Journal published these guidelines in order to reduce the consumption of high calorie products within the basic education schools, because of high levels of overweight and obesity among children.
Both agencies indicated that the guidelines are a national standard to be applied to all entities, “are mandatory criteria on food and have a gradual implementation over three school years from 2010-2011 school year,” established in the agreement governing the sale and sale of products in schools.
In this third stage, the snacks sold in schools must be less than 220 milligrams of salt per pack, while some crackers or cereal desserts should be made 100 percent whole grain and whole grains, which in The first stage was required in only 33 percent and 66 percent in the past school year.
This means that for the start of next school year will have more food measures restrictions in order to comply with the guidelines set by the SEP and the SSA, but lack verify that the start of classes available that meets a federal government official schools.
According to the eleventh article of the guidelines of the sale and sale of food and beverages in schools, all schools must have committees consumer establishments school, including teachers and parents, who have the responsibility to enforce bans on junk food in the schools.
And is that the National Public Health Institute (INSP) cautions that this measure will help to create better eating habits, because “excess body weight and its complications are currently one of the most important challenges of public health,” especially because 25 percent of children are overweight and obesity.
The National Agreement for Health Food, INSP said that only 1980 to date, the prevalence of both conditions has tripled in all age groups, regions and socioeconomic groups, but more serious is that “continues to grow at a alarming rate, which has led our country to take second place in obesity in the world. “
Also, the institute said one in four children and one in three teenagers is overweight or obese, which puts their health at risk because they may have diseases that were once exclusive to adults, such as diabetes or hypertension.
Given these alarming figures emerged the need to regulate and prohibit the sale of soft drinks and high calorie products within the basic education schools, a mechanism which enters its third phase of implementation.
As part of further reductions in calories, yogurt solids and liquids must be less than 30 percent of total calories sugars of the pack, up from 40 percent who could be in the first phase of implementation of the guidelines.
In addition, the packaging of drinking yogurt or dairy foods should be up to 200 milliliters, which represents a 50 ml bottle compared to that allowed in the past school year.
With regard to fruit and vegetable juices and nectars, must respect the maximum of 70 calories per bottle, which must not be greater than 125 milliliters.
The snacks are not to exceed the 130 calories per pack or exceed 35 percent of total fat, as well as maintaining top 180 milligrams of salt (sodium).
While cookies, donuts, candy, desserts and pastries should maintain a maximum of 130 calories per pack and 35 percent of total fat.
Although the SEP allows these nutrient criteria for the sale of products within the schools, also warned that even if the snacks, cookies, candies and desserts meet those standards, it is recommended that children consume them once a week, replacing a sandwich or snack cake school.
They differ on the results
Teachers, parents and students differ on food awareness has led to the decline in the sale of junk food in schools.
For some teachers, the measure applied for two school years has not worked to prevent overweight and obesity among students, others, however, say that it has taken effect, because now the kids are healthier snacks.
For elementary school teacher Alejandra Vazquez, reducing junk food in schools has served to keep children acquiring a food culture; now know that obesity is a problem that can trigger disease and therefore did not abuse the goodies .
But Professor Irma Gonzalez thinks otherwise: “Within the schools the children eat healthier, but once they leave retake the poor eating habits, because parents buy them drinks or chicharrones within schools are prohibited.
“So much for raising awareness on food. Inside the school, eat better, but outside and eat poorly and get down to head schools will not work if their homes are having bad habits, “said the teacher of first grade.
However, for the mother Socorro Diaz implementation of the guidelines it has worked to raise awareness among parents and their children, because they are lighter snacks, varied and almost no child has soda as before.
His daughter Mariana differs somewhat from his mother. He said that certainly almost no one of his companions carried soda or milk chocolate, but still sell food items. “Only in small bags.”
However, he acknowledged that there are fewer students carrying large cakes or candy in your snacks. “Some wear oatmeal cookies or bars integral, but hardly anyone takes donuts, chocolates and soft drinks,” he said.
That’s what the teacher perceives Villa Teresa, saying that lots of products are lower and that instead of greasy chips, now sold popcorn, fruit or amaranth.
Lunch p ara all
According to the health and education authorities of the federal government, the school snack should cover 15 to 20 percent of the daily recommendations regarding the energy of students in preschool, primary and secondary.
LEVEL lime requirement. per day LUNCH
Preschool thousand 300 calories between 216 and 239 cal.
Primary thousand 579 calories between 263 and 290 cal.
Secondary 2 000 183 between 362 and 401 calories lime.
Breakfast at home
Survey Vending and Food Consumption in Schools Basic Education, held in 2010 by the SEP and the SSA, found that:
83.2% of children eat breakfast at home, and 16.8% do not eat breakfast, of which 6% do so for lack of funds, while 10% because they are hungry or because you do not have time.
Fruit and vegetable juices and nectars. Containers less than or equal to 125 ml. and less than 70 calories. Snacks. Bags up to 130 calories and less than 35 percent of total fat cookies, cakes, desserts and sweets. packs 130 calories and less than 35 total fat.
For the lunch contributes to a full and varied diet should include:
-One serving of fruits or vegetables
-A food prepared as a sandwich, which is the main energy source of refreshment.
The National Agreement for Food Health suggests some basic preparations that complement lunches with fruit and water:
Corn tortilla quesadilla with (70 kcal.), Slice of panela cheese (23 kcal.) And avocado (23 kcal.). Total 116 kcal.
Middle turkey ham sandwich (100 kcal.) With avocado (23 kcal.) Lettuce and tomato (10 kcal.). Total 133 kcal.
Half a loaf for hotdog (70kcal.), with half turkey sausage (50 kcal.) And chopped tomato (10 kcal). Total 130 kcal.
Four cookies (70 kcal.) And tuna (55 kcal.). Total 135 kcal.
A muffin (70 kcal.) With beans (60 kcal.) And panela cheese (23 kcal.). Total 153 kcal.
War on overweight
On August 23, 2010, the DOF issued these guidelines in order to reduce the consumption of high calorie products within the basic education schools, because of high levels of overweight and obesity among children.
- Editorial: Get tougher on junk food in schools (newsday.com)
- Reading, Writing, Math, Donuts?! (momsrising.org)
- Study: Junk food laws may help curb kids’ obesity (newsday.com)
- Study: Junk food laws may help curb child obesity (foxnews.com)
- Study: Junk food laws may help curb kids’ obesity (rep-am.com)