The human remains of the Red Queen, a Mayan woman of noble lineage found in 1994, returned to the ancient Mayan city of Palenque in southern Mexico,
after spending 18 years in the capital country subject to detailed studies of physical anthropology, officials said.
The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) explained in a statement that the woman, who was believed to be Tzakbu Ajawm, the wife of Pakal II, ruler of Palenque between 615 and 684 AD, was returned to Palenque in the company of the other two bodies, slaughtered and buried next to her.
These correspond to a woman between 20 and 30, and a child who was between 7 and 12 years at the time of his death and burial, which occurred in 672.
The INAH has a policy of keeping at the site all the materials found so that no collections can be dispersed to other museums.
On June 15 the remains, were carefully placed in seven boxes, and were returned to Palenque “in the holds of receipt” of the archaeological zone in an area where humidity and temperature are controlled.
The statement specifies that for the moment “is not the Red Queen may return to his burial chamber, inside the Temple XIII, due to excess moisture making the building” located next to the Temple of the Inscriptions.
The INAH noted that “the last physical anthropology studies determined that the remains of the Red Queen could correspond to the wife of the Mayan ruler Pakal II, and his mother, as was believed during the early years of the discovery of his tomb” .
Genetic studies performed DNA “confirmed that there was no relationship between the Red Queen and Pakal II”, who was ruler of Palenque.
The Red Queen had a high status and should play a key role within the royal lineage, as presumed from its discovery in 1994 in the so-called Temple of the Inscriptions, where he found the tomb of King Pakal.
The name comes from the Red Queen malachite mask covering his skull was covered by a layer of cinnabar, a red mineral, three inches thick.
The woman must be between 40 and 45, measured five feet, and was suffering from osteoporosis, according to studies that were performed.
The city of Palenque, located in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas, near Tabasco, has a crucial role in the study of history and religion of the Mayas by the value of the archaeological remains found in it.