A growing number of African and Iranian Traffickers are incorporating in the Asia-Pacific Region, and have become one of the largest production and trafficking centres for synthetic drugs, the UN said today in a report.
“In addition to the threat of organized crime endemic region, the report draws attention to the increasing reach and presence of transnational criminal groups” in Africa and Iran, said the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC, for short in English).
“To avoid arrest, African trafficking organizations have diversified their routes through the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Asia,” says the report.
Iranians believe criminal groups of methamphetamine or amphetamine factories in Japan, Malaysia or Thailand, where multiplied Iranian arrests of drug trafficking.
However, the majority of synthetic drugs are produced locally in the region, with major centers in China, Burma (Myanmar) and the Philippines.
Gary Lewis, head of UNODC in the Asia-Pacific, said that the countries of East Asia require more resources to stop the trafficking of methamphetamine, which last year reached 136 million tablets seized, compared to 32 million 2008.
“We must be more active on all fronts to help the countries of the region to prevent the dangers of the South and East Asia will become the largest producer of illegal drugs,” said Lewis in a statement.
According to the UN office, the manufacture of synthetic drugs like methamphetamine and amphetamine are replacing from the 90 to plants producing heroin and cannabis that have proliferated in the region in previous decades.
In 2010, the largest seizure of these synthetic drugs in China was 58.4 million pills, followed by Thailand (50.4 million) and Laos (24.5 million).
In total, 442 factories were dismantled methamphetamine and amphetamines last year in East Asia, five times more than in 2006.
Of the 15 countries the report methamphetamine use decreased or remained in Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Philippines and Korea, while it expanded in Cambodia, China, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam.
The UN warned that drug design, in cases such as Indonesia have overtaken the use of hashish, not only pose a serious security problem and crime, but also a serious danger to public health.